III. 1. rewarding 2. communicate 3. access 4. embarrassing
5. positive 6. commitment 7. virtual 8. benefits 9. minimum
IV. 1. up 2. into 3. from 4. with 5. to 6. up 7. of 8. in
9. for 10.with
V. 1.G 2.B 3.E 4.I 5.H 6.K 7.M 8.O 9.F 10.C
1. Universities in the east are better equipped, while those in the west are relatively poor.
2. Allan Clark kept talking the price up, while Wilkinson kept knocking it down.
3. The husband spent all his money drinking, while his wife saved all hers for the family.
4. Some guests spoke pleasantly and behaved politely, while others wee insulting and impolite.
5. Outwardly Sara was friendly towards all those concerned, while inwardly she was angry.
1. Not only did Mr. Smith learn the Chinese language, but he also bridged the gap between his culture and ours.
2. Not only did we learn the technology through the online course, but we also learned to communicate with friends in English.
3. Not only did we lose all our money, but we also came close to losing our lives.
4. Not only do the workers want a pay increase, but they also want reduced working hours.
5. Not only is the house expensive, but it is also too far away from my company.
1. Not only can students choose when and where to learn for an online course, but they can also take time to think through answers before making a reply.
2. She is excited by the idea of online learning while be considers it meaningless and useless.
3. Communicating with native English speakers is a very rewarding experience from which we can learn a lot.
4. Today, more and more people have access to the Internet through which they look for the information they need.
5. He wants her to give up working and stay home to look after the children. She feels, however, that this is too
much for her.
6. Now that we have finished the course, we shall start doing more revision work.
1. 我永远都不会忘记那位老师，是他告诉我学外语是有趣的、有价值的。如果没有他，我的英语说得不会像现在这样好。 2 没有任何其他语言能像英语那样让你感受到多姿多彩的世界文化。有了过硬的英语知识，你就可以体验奇妙的文化之旅。
1. B 2.A 3.B 4.B 5.C 6,C 7.B 8.A 9.a 10.B 11.A 12.A 13.B
XII. I am proud to say that I succeeded in learning a foreign language. It was a real challenge and, needless to say, it
took a lot of practice. I carried a small dictionary with me everywhere I went as well as a notebook in which I l(来自:WWw.hn1c.com 唯 才教 育 网:外研社新视野大学英语1)isted new words I came across. I also managed my time carefully so that I met the standards of the course and finished assignments on time. After years of persistence, I reaped the benefits of all my hard work.
1. 1.C 2.B 3.D 4. A 5. B
Comprehension of the Text
1.C 2.A 3.B 4.C 5.D 6.B 7.C 8.D
1. community 2. effective 3. unique 4. committed 5. reinforce 6. perspective 7. explicit 8. challenge 9. hindered 10. arose
1. for 2. with 3. on 4. on 5. on 6. of 7. in 8. up 9. of
1. appeals 2. identity 3. concern 4. disgusting 5. upset
6. influence 7. offensive 8. burst 9. stuff 10. thorough IV.
1. off/ down 2. off 3. as 4. on 5. for 6. on/upon 7. to 8. over 9. in 10.of
V. 1.H 2.F 3.D 4.K 5.B 6.C 7.L 8.I 9.O 10. N
1. Kate saw her brother Bill as she was getting off the school bus.
Or: As she was getting off the school bus, Kate saw her brother Bill.
2. As she was standing up from he seat, mother dropped the glass to the ground.
Or: Mother dropped the glass to the ground as she was standing up from her seat.
3. A policeman fired at a thief as the thief was bolting out of the house.
Or: As the thief was bolting out of the house, a policeman fired at him.
4. As she ran to catch the school bus, Sandy thought of her talk with her mother.
Or: Sandy thought of he talk with her mother as she ran to
NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH BOOK 1 TEACHING PLAN
Unit One: Section A---Learning A Foreign Language
Objectives (目标)：The students are required to have a good knowledge of the main idea, a good command of the core words, expressions and structures, learn to find out the meanings of unfamiliar words.
Key Points (重点)：Comprehension of the text; Core words, expressions and structures.
Difficulties (难点)：Sentences beyond comprehension
Approach (方法): Interaction
1. Word Study， 90 minutes
2. Sentences beyond comprehension, 90 minutes
3. Comprehension of the text, 90 minutes
4. Exercises, 90 minutes
Step One: Word Study
In or out of class, the students are required to tell the derivatives or synonyms of some words and make sentences with some collocations.
1. Derivatives （派生词）
frustrate ---frustrating ---frustrated ---frustration
unlike ---like---alike ---likely ---likelihood ---likewise
embarrass ---embarrassing --- embarrassed---embarrassment
continual ---continually ---continue --- continuous ---continuity
favorite ---favor ---favorable
eagerly---eager---eagerness; teacher---teach;quickly---quick;incorrect---correct---incorrectly;whenever---when, wonderful---wonder;
conversation--- converse; unforgettable---forgettable---forget;friendship---friend
2. Synonyms （同义词）
reward: 回报，报答，报酬，酬金，奖赏，奖励award, bonus, medal, payment, prize frustrate: 使沮丧；使受挫折，挫败，crush, defeat,depress,disappoint, discourage, dismay, fail, smash
positive: 积极的；确实的，肯定的；bound, certain; definite; sure; active; practical; absolute,
former: 旧时的，以前的，在前的prior; previous; preceding;
intimidate: 恐吓，威胁frighten, threaten，threat,
opportunity: 机会，时机access; chance; occasion; shot
medium: 中等的average; intermediate, mean; middle; moderate
access: 权利，机会，通道，途径right; means; way;
participate (in): 参加，参与attend; campaign; engage (in); enter (into);
go (in for); go (into); go (to); involve; join; play; plunge, race;
virtual：实际上的，实质上的actual; concrete; effective; essential; substantial;
commitment: 承诺；投入，献身devotion; dedication; promise;
assignment: work; job; task; exercise
continual: 连续不断的，不停的，频繁的continuous，constant, consistent, frequent, always, often， successive
reap: 得到，获得achieve; acquire; attain; derive; earn; gain; get; obtain; secure; win
benefit: 好处，益处advantage; bonus, gain; good; income; interest; privilege; profit; receipts; returns; revenue; yield
communicate: 1）交流，沟通；exchange; share;
2）传播，传达beam; cable; carry，circulate, conduct; convey; diffuse; deliver; hand;
propagate; radio; relay; spread; sweep; transmit; transport; transfer
gap: 差距，分歧difference， dispute, divide; division; gulf
Eg. He received a medal his bravery. 因表现勇敢他获得了一枚奖章。
One my job is meeting people. 我工作的报酬之一就是结识了很多人。
A $1000 has been for the return of the stolen paintings
悬赏1000美圆寻找失窃的画。 Is this how you reward me for my help? 你就这样报答我对你的帮助吗？
She rewarded him with a smile. 她向他报之一笑。
Eg. He is several years me. 他比我小几岁。
Eg. He ten years me. 她比我大10岁。
She me, since she joined the firm before me.
Eg. you he has stolen the money?你肯定他偷了钱？
She quite the answer to the question. 他对这个问题的答案很有把握。Try to more dealing with the problem.对解决这个问题再积极些。
Eg. The robber intimidated the witness into silence.
Eg. 创造/ 寻找/ 得到 / 有机会
That was the situation until a couple of years later when I was English through an online course. 这种情况持续了两年。两年后我得到了网上学习英语
的机会。（NHCE Book 1 P.3, L.27） 趁此机会
Eg. The only the farmhouse is across the fields.要到那个农舍去只有穿过田地。Students must a good library.学生们必须有个好图书馆（使用）。
Only high officials the president. 只有高级官员能接触总统。
I soon the necessary equipment. (NHCE Book 1 P.3, L.29)
Eg. See NHCE Book 1, P.3, L.31
Eg. Our company and opportunities.
There is a growingpoverty.越来越多的人承诺同贫困作斗争。Volunteers must four hours a week.
Our employees? shows in their high quality output.
Eg. （1）to get / reap benefit from sth.
She didn?t her stay abroad.
（2）to have the benefit of sth.
I?ve a good education. 我得益于于良好的教育。
（3）with the benefit of sth. modern technology, the software division expects to achieve its sale
targets this year. 借助现代技术，软件部预计能够完成今年的销售指标。
（4）to be of benefit to sb. / sth.
The new regulations will us all. 新规章制度对大家都有好处。
（5）to be to one’s benefit
The change in the law would
（6）to benefit by / from
Who is likely the new tax law? 谁可能从新税法中受益最多？
Eg. See NHCE P.4, L. 57
4．Expressions in the text with the line number in the bracket(not including those on P.6—7): foreign language(1) 外语; junior middle school (4)初级中学;
senior middle school (9)高级中学; to take a class (5)上课; because of (5)因为;
worry about (7)担心;make a mistake (8)犯错误;at the top of a class (8)在班上名列前茅;to be eager to do sth.(9)渴望; to be different from (10)与…不同;
to be patient with sb. / sth. (11) 对…有耐心; to point a stick at sb. / sth. (13)用棍子指着; to lose one?s joy in doing sth. / sth. (15)失去兴趣;
to lose one?s eagerness to do sth (15)失去热情;
to lose one?s desire to do sth (16)失去欲望; （注意：以上三个短语都表示“不想做某事”） to be required to do sth (19)需要; 必须
to be able to do sth (22)能 / 有能力; to be afraid to do sth (26) 害怕;
to stay at the same level (26); 停留在原有水平
to be offered an opportunity to do sth (27) 有机会; online course (28)网上课程;
to learn sth. from sb.(30)向…学习…; 一virtual classroom (31)虚拟课堂;
online learning (32)网上学习; regular classroom study (32)常规课堂;
the flow / pace / step / rate / progress / schedule of the course (33)课程进度;
to meet the standards (34)达到标准;
to set standards (34)确定 /制定 / 设定标准; to complete assignments (35)完成任务 / 作业; on time (35)准时; all the time (36)一直 / 始终; as well as (37)以及 / 除了;
once in a while (38)有时; out of (38)因为 / 由于;
My mind was opened to… / to open one?s mind to…(50)乐于接受;
communicate with (52)与…交流 / 沟通; participate in (54)参加;
to stare into space (55)两眼望青天 / 茫然不知所措; make friends (56)交朋友;
to bridge the gap between…(57)弥合…之间的鸿沟
Step 2: Sentences beyond comprehension
Before the teacher’s explanation, the students are asked to tell the meaning of the following sentences in English or Chinese.)
1. was…(L. 1—2)
Question: What is the writer?s experience of learning a foreign language?
Note: V-ing phrase can be used as a subject, part of a predicate, predicative, object of a verb or a preposition, complement and an adverbial, attributive. Pick out the V-ing phrases in the text and tell its part of speech. V-ing 短语可用做主语、部分谓语、表语、动词或介词宾语、补语、状语和定语。找出文中V-ing 短语并说明其成分。
2. My experience with learning a foreign language began in junior middle school, I took
my first English class. (L.4—5)
That was the situation until a couple of years later I was offered an opportunity to study English through an online course.(L.27-28)
Question:When did the writer take his first English class? And when did he /she have access to online course.
Note: In these two sentences, the word “when” is a relative adverb. In the first sentence, “when” means “in junior middle school”, in the 2nd, a couple of years later.
3. 1) I had a kind and patient teacher often praised all of the students.(L.5-6)
Task: Put the sentence and the following ones into Chinese.
----I had a kind and patient teacher, and he used to praise all of the students.
2)…my new teacher quickly punished those gave incorrect answers. (L.12)
----my teacher would punish those students if / when they gave incorrect answers.
3)…I noticed there were many students spoke much better than I did. (L. 23-24)
----I noticed that many students spoke much better than I did.
4）I didn?t feel intimidated students spoke faster than I did … (L. 39-40)
----I did feel intimidated students spoke faster than I did.
4. my former teacher had been patient with all of the students, my new teacher quickly
punished those who gave incorrect answers. (L.11)
Task: Put the sentence and the following ones into Chinese.
I drink black coffee he prefers it with cream.
(See P.11 Exercise VI )
He fell asleep (he was) doing his homework.睡着了。 Marry was writing a letter, the children were playing outside. 玛丽写信时孩子们在外边玩。 I admit there are problems, I don?t agree that they can not be solved. （虽然）我承认有不少难题，但是我不认为这些问题不能解决。
5. 1) we answered incorrectly, she pointed a stick at us and shouted “No! No!
2) I?d like to see you it is convenient.
Note: In the 1st sentence, “whenever” means “every time”(每当)，in the 2nd , “at any time”(在任何时候).
6． to lose my eagerness to answer questions. (L. 14) 不久，我便再也不想回答问题了。
Task: Put the following into English:
1) It took her three hours to mend her bike.
2) It took us half an hour to get there.
7. my joy in answering questions, but I also lost my desire to say anything at all in English. (L.15-16)
me the value of hard work, but it also gave me insights into another culture, …( L. 48-49)
Task: Do Exercise VII on P. 11
8. However, that didn?t last long. ( L. 18) 没有持续多久。
Question: What does “that” here refer to?
Unit 1Learning a Foreign Language ..................................................................... 2
Unit 2A Busy Weekday Morning ........................................................................... 5
Unit 3 A Good Heart to Lean on ............................................................................. 10
Unit 4 How to Make a Good Impression ................................................................ 15
Unit 5 Battle Against AIDS ............................................................................... 23
Unit 7 Face to Face with Guns ................................................................................ 24
Unit 10 Being Honest and Open .............................................................................. 28
Unit 1Learning a Foreign Language
I. Language Points
1. to be well worth the effort
2. to be at the top of the class
3. to lose the desire to say anything in English
4. to be far from perfect
5. to stay at the same level forever
6.to get access to the necessary equipment
7. to keep up with the flow of the course
8. to meet the minimum standards set by the course
9. to cry with frustration
10. to feel like giving up
11. to reap the benefits of hard work
12. not to trade sth for anything
13. to teach me the value of hard work
14. to give me insights into another culture
15. to keep my mind open to new ways of seeing things
16. to bridge the gap between different cultures
1. to be well worth the effort (L. 3) 很值得去努力
Not everything in life is well worth our risk. (生活中并非一切都值得我们去冒险。)
2. to be at the top of the class (L. 7) 在班里名列前茅
On the list of good polices in social contact, honesty should be at the top. (在社交方面所有的良策之中诚信应列在首位。)
3. to lose my desire / eagerness to say anything in English (L.14) 失去说英语的欲望
As a result of her dishonesty, I lost my desire to form further friendship with her. (由于她的不诚实,我失去了与她建立进一步友谊的欲望。)
4. to be far from perfect (L. 19) 远不尽人意
?Although our environment is still far from perfect, we haven’t lost the desire to change it for the better. (尽管我们的环境还远不尽人意，我们并没有失去使其改善的意愿。)
5. to stay at the same level forever (L. 26) 永远停滞不前
Sometimes our English learning seems to stay at the same level for ever, but ,in fact, this is not necessary the case. (有时，我们的英语学习似乎总停滞不前，但事实上并不一定如此。)
6. to get access to the necessary equipment (L. 30) 接触到必要的设备
Through online learning we get access to many new patterns of thinking. (通过网上学习我们接触到许多新思维模式。)
7. to keep up with the flow of the course (L. 33) 跟上课程进度
To keep up with the flow of world trade, China decided to join WTO. (为了跟上世界贸易的进程，中国决定加入世贸组织。)
8. to meet the minimum standards set by the course (L. 34) 满足课程最低限度的要求
It also requires commitment and discipline to meet the minimum standards set by the university. (要满足大学的最低要求也同样需要专一和自制。)
9. to cry with frustration (L. 37) 因挫折而哭泣
It often happens that some jump with victory while others cry with frustration.( 一些人因胜利而雀跃，而另一些人因因挫折而哭泣，这种事情经常发生。)
10. to feel like giving up (L. 37) 想放弃
In the face of difficulty, I always feel like giving up.(在困难面前我经常想到放弃。)
Unlike Zheng Pei-min, some officials only feel like enjoying pleasures as much as possible. (不像郑培民那样，一些官员只想着及时行乐。)
11. to reap the benefits of hard work (L. 42) 尝到刻苦学习的甜头
Online chatting in English made it possible for me to reap the benefits of English learning. (网上聊天使我能尝到学英语的甜头。)
12. not to trade(exchange / give) sth for anything (L. 45) 拿什么都不换
? What impressed us most in that disaster was their readiness to give their lives for the public health. (在那场灾难中给我们印象最深的是他们随时准备用自己的生命换得大众健康的精 神。)
13. to teach me the value of hard work (L. 45) 使我懂得了刻苦努力的价值
? Much personal contact with him taught me the value of true friendship. (与他频繁的私人交往使
14. to give me insights into another culture (L. 46) 使我认识了另一种文化
? Reading good books has given me insights into what good taste means. (读好书使我认识了高雅
15. to keep my mind open to new ways of seeing things (L. 46) 使我从心里乐于接受新的看待事物
? As long as we keep our minds open to anything helpful to social progress, our nation will be filled
with hope. (只要我们从心里乐于接受任何有助于社会进步的东西，我们的民族就充满希望。)
16. to bridge the gap between different cultures (L. 52) 弥合不同文化之间的鸿沟
The couple tried to bridge the gap between their affections, but without any success. (夫妇二人试图弥合两人之间的感情分歧，但未能成功。)
B. Patterns for you to use as models
1. Typical patterns for cause and effect
原句 1): Because of this positive method, I eagerly answered all the questions I could, never worrying much about making mistakes. (L. 6)
句型提炼 Because of?, sb adv. does sth / is + adj. to do sth, never worrying ／ caring much about?由于??, 某人很??做某事，从不怎么担心?.
adj.(adv.): eager(ly), anxious(ly), likely, free(ly), content(ly), etc.
Because of her strong desire for material wealth, she was eager to trade her power for money, never worrying about any damage to larger interests.
应用: b. 由于他对网上冲浪的兴趣过浓， 他很有可能 一门心思上网，而不会关心自己
Because of his undue interest in online surfing, he is likely to put all his mind on this business, never caring about his school work.
原句2): Now that I speak a foreign language, instead of staring into space when English is being spoken, I can participate and make friends. (L.50)
句型提炼 Now that sb. does / has done sth., instead of ?, he / she can ／should do sth. else.
由于／ 既然某人做某事，而不再??, 他／她就能做另一事。
应用: a. 既然我们上远程英语课，而不再因在普通课堂上出错感到难堪，那我们就能从
Now that we have taken the online course, instead of feeling embarrassed when making mistakes in the regular class, we can reap some benefits from it.
应用： b. 既然你能从心里上乐于接受新的思维方式，而不再对其视而不见，那你就有机
Now that you can keep your mind open to new ways of thinking, instead of turning a
blind eye to them, you stand a good chance to keep up with the flow of the times.
原句3): While my former teacher had been patient with all the students, my new teacher quickly punished those who gave incorrect answers. (L. 9)
句型提炼 While sth / sb is / does…, sth / sb else is / does… :
某事 ／某人??, 而另一事 ／ 另一人??
When things go wrong, some work hard to find a way out while others totally lose the desire to think out any solution to the problem.
In social contacts, some show a total commitment to their promises while some often back away from theirs.
2. Typical patterns for comparison and contrast:
原句1): Unlike my senior middle school teacher, my college English teachers were patient and
kind, and none of them carried long, pointed sticks! (L.16)
句型提炼 Unlike sb. / sth. else(that?), sb. / sth. is / does?
应用: a. 不像一些贪官高高在上那样， 周恩来生前和人民群众建立了难以忘怀的友谊，
Unlike some corrupt officials who set themselves above the masses, Zhou En-lai
formed unforgettable friendships with the people during his lifetime, thus living
forever in their memory.
Unlike the girls I came across in the senior middle school, she is very
self-important, never looking me in the eye.
原句2): Learning a foreign language has been a most trying experience for me, but one that I
wouldn’t trade for anything. (L. 44)
句型提炼 Doing sth. is a most + adj. experience for sb., but one that he / she would not trade /
give / exchange for anything.
应用： a. 追求幸福对我来说是非常艰辛的经历，但却是一种用什么我都不换的经历。Seeking after happiness has been a most painstaking experience, but one that I
would not trade for anything.
应用：b. 被别人歧视对我来说是非常难以忍受的经历， 但却激励我很多。
Being looked down upon was a most intolerable experience, but one that inspired me
3. Typical patterns for induction:
原句1): The most wonderful result of having learned a foreign language was that I could
communicate with many more people than before. (L. 47)
句型提炼 The most wonderful result of having done sth. / doing sth. is that?(从句)
应用: a.在一些大学生看来 上大学最令人兴奋的收获是他们学会了如何过一种罗曼蒂克式
Learning a Foreign Language
Learning a foreign language was one of the most difficult yet most rewarding experiences of my life.
Although at times learning a language was frustrating, it was well worth the effort.
My experience with learning a foreign language began in junior middle school, when I took my first English class.
I had a kind and patient teacher who often praised all of the students.
Because of this positive method, I eagerly answered all the questions I could, never worrying much about making mistakes.
I was at the top of my class for two years.
When I went to senior middle school, I was eager to continue studying English; however, my experience in senior middle school was very different from before.
While my former teacher had been patient with all of the students, my new teacher quickly punished those who gave incorrect answers.
Whenever we answered incorrectly, she pointed a long stick at us and, shaking it up and down, shouted, "No! No! No!"
每当有谁回答错了，她就会用长教鞭指着我们，上下挥舞大喊：“错！错！错！” It didn't take me long to lose my eagerness to answer questions.
Not only did I lose my joy in answering questions, but I also lost my desire to say anything at all in English.
However, that state didn't last long.
When I went to college, I learned that all students were required to take an English course. 到了大学，我了解到所有学生必须上英语课。
Unlike my senior middle school teacher, my college English teachers were patient and kind, and none of them carried long, pointed sticks!
The situation was far from perfect, though.
As our classes were very large, I was only able to answer a couple of questions in each class
Also, after a few weeks of classes, I noticed there were many students who spoke much better than I did.
I began to feel intimidated.
So, once again, although for different reasons, I was afraid to speak.
It seemed my English was going to stay at the same level forever.
That was the situation until a couple of years later when I was offered an opportunity to study English through an online course.
The communication medium was a computer, a phone line, and a modem
. I soon got access to the necessary equipment, learned how to use the technology from a friend and participated in the virtual classroom 5 to 7 days a week.
Online learning is not easier than regular classroom study;
it requires a lot of time, commitment and discipline to keep up with the flow of the course. 它需要花许多的时间，需要学习者专心自律，以跟上课程进度。
I worked hard to meet the minimum standards set by the course and to complete assignments on time.
I practiced all the time.
I carried a little dictionary with me everywhere I went, as well as a notebook in which I listed any new words I heard.
不管去哪里，我都随身携带一本袖珍字典和笔记本，笔记本上记着我遇到的生词。 I made many, sometimes embarrassing, mistakes.
Once in a while I cried out of frustration, and sometimes I felt like giving up.
But I didn't feel intimidated by students who spoke faster than I did because I took all the time I needed to think out my ideas and wrote a reply before posting it on the screen.
Then, one day I realized I could understand just about everything I came across, and most importantly, I could "say" anything I wanted to in English.
Although I was still making many mistakes and was continually learning new ways to say things,
I had finally reaped the benefits of all of my hard work.
Learning a foreign language has been a most trying experience for me, but one that I wouldn't trade for anything.
Not only did learning another language teach me the value of hard work, but it also gave me insights into another culture, and my mind was opened to new ways of seeing things.
The most wonderful result of having learned a foreign language was that I could communicate with many more people than before.
Talking with people is one of my favorite activities, so being able to speak a new language lets me meet new people, participate in conversations, and form new, unforgettable friendships.
Now that I speak a foreign language, instead of staring into space when English is being spoken, I can participate and make friends.
由于我已能说英语，别人讲英语时我不再茫然不解了。我能够参与其中，并结交朋友。 I am able to reach out to others and bridge the gap between my language and culture and theirs. 我能与人交流，并能够弥合我所说的语言和所处的文化与他们的语言和文化之间的鸿沟。
The radio clicked on. Rock music blasted orth
Like a shot, the music woke Sandy.
She looked at the clock; it was 6:15 A.M.
Sandy sang along with the words as she lay listening to her favorite radio station.
"Sandy," shouted her father. "Sandy, turn that music off!"
Steve Finch burst nto her room.
Why do you have to listen to such horrible uff?
It's the same thing over and over.
I'm not sure it is really music, though it does have rhythm."
"I like that music, Dad; it's my favorite.
Listen for a minute; I'm sure you'll like it."
Sandy reached for the radio to turn it up louder.
"No, no, don't do that. I can't stand it.
Turn that radio down so your mother and I can't hear it.
I'm sure that music is hurting your ears as well as your brain."
Sandy walked into the bathroom and turned on the shower.
Then she grabbed the soap and washed thoroughly, including her hair.
After her shower, Sandy brushed her hair, put on her old, green T-shirt and some jeans.
Then she put on her makeup and went to the kitchen.
As usual, she didn't know what to have for breakfast, so she grabbed a glass of milk and ate a
piece of toast while standing by the sink.
Just then, her mother, Jane, entered the kitchen.
"Sandy, why don't you sit down and eat your breakfast? <p9>It isn't healthy to eat standing up." “桑迪，你怎么不坐下吃饭？ 站着吃饭对身体不好。”
"I know, Mom, but I don't have time to sit down and eat."
"Did you finish your homework, dear?"
"Did you brush your teeth?"
"Mom, I haven't finished eating breakfast yet. <p10>I'll brush my teeth when I'm done." “妈妈，我还没吃完饭呢。吃完了再刷。”
"Sandy, why are you wearing that old T-shirt? It's disgusting."
"Mom, please stop."
"Stop what, dear?"
"Sandy, are you wearing eyeliner?"
"Yes, Mom, I've been wearing eyeliner for months. Isn't it pretty? "
"Sandy Finch, you're too young to wear that much makeup."
"Mom, I'm fifteen. I'm old enough to wear makeup.
Believe me, all the girls at school wear makeup. Some have tattoos and pierced ears, and noses and tongues, too.
给您说实话吧，学校的女孩子都化妆，有些还文身，有的还戴耳环、鼻环、舌环呢。 Mom, I don't have time to talk about this now—I'm late. I've got to go. See you later."
Sandy kissed her mother quickly on the cheek, picked up her books, and boltedout of the house. 桑迪匆匆吻了一下妈妈的脸颊，拿起书冲出了屋子。
After Sandy had left for school, Jane Finch sat down in peace and quiet to drink her coffee. 桑迪离家上学后，简·芬奇平静地坐下来喝咖啡。
Soon her husband joined her.
"Would you like some coffee, Steve?" asked Jane.
reward vt. 报答，酬谢，奖励 n. 1.报答，奖赏 2.报酬，酬金 rewarding a.值得做的,有益的
frustrate vt. 1.使沮丧，使灰心 2.使挫败，使受挫折
junior n. 1.年少者 2.地位较低者，晚辈 positive a. 1.积极的，肯定的 2.确实的，明确的
senior n. 较年长者
former a. 在前的，以前的，旧时的 n. 前者
unlike prep. 不像；和... ...不同▲intimidate vt. 恐吓，威胁 opportunity n. 机会，时机
online a. & ad. 连线的, 联网的; 连线地, 联网地
communication n. 交流，交际；通信 medium n. 媒质，媒介物，传导体 a. 中等的，适中的
modem n. 调制解调器
access n. 1.享用权 2.通道，入口 participate vi. 参与，参加
virtual a. 1.虚构的，虚拟的 2.实质上的，事实上的，实际上的
commitment n. 1.投入，致力，献身 2.承诺，许诺，保证
discipline n. 1.纪律; 自制能力 2.惩罚，处分 3.学科
minimum a. 最低的，最小的 n. 最低限度，最少量 assignment n. 1.（分派的）任务，（指定的）作业 2.分配，指派
embarrass vt. 使窘迫，使尴尬，使不好意思
post vt. 发帖子,张贴
embarrassing a.使人尴尬的,令人难堪的frustration n.沮丧,不安,灰心
continual a. 1.不间断的，不停的 2.多次重复的，频频的
continually ad. 1. 不间断地，不停地 2. 多次重复地，频频地
finally ad. 最后，终于
reap vt. 1.获得，得到 2.收割，收获
benefit n. 益处，好处 vt. 有益于
insight n. 洞察力，洞悉，深刻的见解 communicate vi. 交流，交际 vt. 传达，传播
favorite (英favourite) a. 特别受宠的 n. 特别喜爱的人（或物） gap n. 差距,分歧
Phrases and Expressions at times 有时,偶尔
be well worth + sth./ doing sth. 值得... ...的 not only ...but also ... 不仅... ...而且 ... ...far from 一点都不
a couple of 两个,一些,几个
get/have/obtain access to 可以使用；有权享用
keep up with 跟上，不落后
feel like sth./doing sth. 想做，想要 give up 停止，放弃
reap the benefit(s) 获得益处，得到好处come across 偶然遇上
give sb. Insight(s) into 深刻理解 trade for 用... ... 换 participate in 参加 now that 既然, 由于 instead of 而不是,代替reach out to 接触, 联系
concern n..1.担心,忧虑 2.关心的事,担心的事
Vt. 1.使担心,使忧虑 2.涉及,与…有关 click vi. 发出"嘟"、"咔嗒"等轻微响声 n. 咔嗒声
blast v. 1.发出猛烈响声 2.爆破 n.爆炸
forth ad. 出来; 向前 burst vi.冲,闯
horrible a. 1.可怕的,令人恐惧的；2.糟糕的,令人不悦的
stuff n. 东西；材料 rhythm n. 节奏; 韵律 grab vt.抓住,夺得
thorough a..全面的,彻底的thoroughly ad.完全地,彻底地toast n.1.烤面包;2.祝酒,干杯 vt.祝酒,干杯
disgusting a. 令人厌恶的，令人反感的bug vt. 打扰,使烦恼pierce v. 穿孔,打眼bolt vi. 冲出去，逃跑
upset a.不适的,心烦的,苦恼的 vt.使心烦,使不适,使苦恼
knot n.1.紧张(感),心窝揪紧 2.(绳索,布条等打成的)结
awful a.糟糕的,可怕的tune n.曲调,旋律
offensive a. 1.极讨厌的， 2.攻击性的 appeal vi. 1.使喜欢;吸引 2.恳请,呼吁rid a.摆脱…的 vt. 使摆脱,使去掉piercing n.刺穿的孔
negative a.1.不好的,负面的,消极的 2.否定的
influence n.影响,作用 vt.影响
patience n.耐心,忍耐(性)anchor n. 1.依靠,靠山 2.锚identity n.身份,本体
Phrases and Expressions
blast forth （声音）突然响起来 along with 一道,一起 turn off 关
burst into 闯入,突然开始over and over 一再,反复 reach for 伸手去取
turn up 增大（声音、火焰等） turn down 减小（声音、火焰等） as well as 和，以及，还有 as usual 与往常一样 turn on 开，打开 that much 那么...... bolt out 匆匆离开
in peace and quiet 平静地
wake up (使)醒来
make one's blood boil 使（某人）生气get rid of 摆脱,除去; 丢弃,扔掉talk sth. over 商量
knots in one's stomach 不安,紧张in any case 无论如何,不管怎样
lean vi. 1.倚；靠 2.倾斜；倾向；偏向 balance n. 1.平衡；均衡 2.均势, 平衡 v. 1.(使) 平衡, (使) 均衡 2.权衡；比较 severe a. 1.非常恶劣的；紧张的；困难的 2.严格的；严肃的；严厉的
severely ad. 严格地；严厉地；非常恶劣地
cripple vt. 1.使跛；使残废 2.严重地损坏；削弱
inward a. 1.在内的；内部的（尤指在头脑中、精神上） 2.向内的
inwardly ad. 内心或精神方面 bother vt.使苦恼 vi.尽力,费心 coordinate vt. 使协调 halt v. 暂停；中断；中止 n. 暂停；中断；中止 impatient a. 1.易烦躁的；不耐心的 2.急切的；渴望的
pace n. 1.（尤指走或跑的）速度 2.速率,节奏
vi. 踱步, 慢步走 adjust v. 1.使适应（新环境）；适应 2.调整；校准；调准
subway n. 1.地下铁道 2.地下通道；人行隧道
despite prep. 尽管; 不管
nasty a. 1.令人不快的；令人厌恶的 2.不友善的；恶意的
wagon n. 1.儿童手推车 2.四轮运货马（牛）车
cling vi. 1.抱住；抓紧 2.坚持；坚守； rail n. 1. [C]横挡；栏杆；护栏
hand-rail n. [C] （楼梯等的）扶手 tunnel n. 地下通道；隧道
amaze vt. 使大为惊讶；使讶异subject vt。使遭受，使蒙受
stress n. 1.持续的压力；忧虑；紧张 2.强调；重视
vt. 1.强调, 重视
complaint n. 抱怨,投诉,意见
envy n. 1.妒忌；羡慕 2.妒忌的对象,羡慕的目标
envious a. 嫉妒的；羡慕的 owner n. 物主；所有人
precise a. 1.精确的；准确的；明白的；无误的 2.正好；就在
precisely ad. 准确地；精确地；
engage v. 1.参与，参加 2.雇用；聘用 3.使全神贯注；引起（注意）
local a. 地方的；当地的；本地的 n. 当地人，本地人
occasion n. 1.（事件发生的）特定时刻；时机 2.（适当的）时机；机会
punch v. 1.用拳猛击 2.用打孔机打孔shove vi. 推；挤；撞 aid n. 帮助；援助；救护 vt. 帮助, 援助
unaided a. 无助的；独力的 kid v. 1.开玩笑 2.欺骗；哄骗 n. 小孩或年轻人
urge vt.竭力劝告,敦促 n. 强烈愿望, 迫切需求 dive n. 1.（美俚）（拳击中）假装被击倒 2.跳水
vi. 跳水, 潜水
reluctant a. 不愿意的；迟迟不合作的；不同意的
reluctance n. 不愿；勉强 worthy a. 1.值得尊敬的；高尚的 2.值得的,应得的
unworthy a. 1.不值得的；不配的2.不诚实的,卑鄙的
regret vt. 后悔,遗憾 n. 后悔,遗憾
complain vi. 抱怨；诉苦
trifle n. 无价值的或不重要的东西、琐事
Phrases and Expressions
Lean on 依靠
grow up 成长, 长大 start out 出发 let on 泄露,透露
make it 及时赶到;办到,做到even if 即使, 虽然 subject to 使 ......遭受 even if 虽说, 即使
in some way 以某种方式 on one’s way (to) 在路上break out 爆发, 突然发生 on leave 休假
see (to it) that 务必做到,
impression n. 1.印象
conscious a.1.有意识的，意识到的 2.清醒的，有知觉的
range v. 1.（在一定幅度或范围内）变动，变化
n. 1.种类；广泛（性） 2. 射程； 距离，范围
introduction n. 1.介绍，（正式）引见 2.引进，采用
spouse n. 配偶（指夫或妻）
interview n. 1.面谈，面试 2.采访，访谈 vt. 面试,采访
encounter n. 意外（或偶然）相遇 vt. 遇到，遭遇(尤指危险或困难) focus v. 使（注意力）集中n.中心,集中点
persuasive a. 有说服力的，能说得使人相信的
presentation n. 表现，描述
physical a. 1.身体的，肉体的 2.物质的，有形的
appearance n. 1.外观，外貌，外表 2.出现 UNIT5
rate n. 1.速度，速率 2.比率，率
pitch n. （说话等）声音（或音调）的高低度；音高
tone n. 声调,语气,口气
absorb vt. 1.吸引……的注意力，使……感兴趣 2.吸收
absorbed a.专注的,全神贯注的 stride vi. 大踏步走，阔步行进 n. 大步; 步态, 步法
impress vt. 给……深刻的印象 shake n.摇动,摇晃handshake n. 握手
consistent a. 1.一贯的 2.一致的 consistently ad. 一贯地，一致的depress vt. 使抑郁，使沮丧 depressed a.抑郁的,沮丧的 audience n. 观众，听众
contact n. 1.接触 2.联系，交往
relax v. 使(困难等) 减少；(使) 休息，放松
lighten v. 减轻, 放松
entertainment n. 娱乐，供消遣的东西 roar vi. 大声叫喊，咆哮 ,大笑 brood v. 沉思,担忧
Phrases and Expressions
make up one's mind 下定决心，打定主意range from... to... 从... 到... （范围或幅度内）变化
focus one’s eyes on 凝视,盯住看 drive sb. crazy 逼得某人发疯 at one's best 处于最佳状态
communicate with 与......交谈，与......交流lighten up 放轻松,不要当真
take sb or sth.seriously 认为某人或某物重要
be committed to 献身于,投入于be absorbed in 全神贯注于,专心于
acquire vt. 获得；学到▲immune a. 1.免疫的 2.免除的
▲deficiency n. 不足，缺乏;缺点,缺陷◆syndrome n. （具有共同性的性质，事件，症状等的）集合
▲diagnose vt. 诊断; 判断 infect vt. 1.感染 2.影响 virus n. 病毒 rural a. 农村的
constitute vt. 组成 segment n. 部分 alarm n. 惊慌；警报
vt. 1.使惊慌，使担心 2.使惊恐,使担心 federal a. 联邦的，联邦制的 implement vt. 实施，执行
organization (英organisation) n. 1.组织 2.组织，安排
emerge vi. 出现 network n. 网络 combat vt. 斗争 n. 斗争
resource n. 资源
creative a. 创造性的; 有创造力的 creatively ad. 创造性地; 有创造力地 client n. 1.当事人 2.顾客 video n. 录像，录像机
publication n. 1.公布，发表；出版，发行 2.出版物
educate v. 教育
educational a. 教育的
educator n. 教育工作者；教育家 recently ad. 最近 southeast n. 东南
▲literacy n. 文化；识字 low-literacy n. 低文化水平 literature n. 1.文学 2.资料 solve vt. 解决，解答 create vt. 创造 illustrate vt. 说明
relate vt. 1.讲述 2.将... ... 联系起来 establish vt. 建立, 创办■buster n. 克星 risk n. 危险，风险
vt. 冒着... ... 的危险
adult n. 成年（人或动物） pressure n. 压力
define vt. 下定义，描述 redefine vt. 重新考虑
background n. 出身背景, 经历; 背景资料
▲plague vt. 缠绕，烦扰 n. 瘟疫,鼠疫; 灾难,祸患
establishment n. 1.机构,企业 2.建立,确立；确定
emphasize (英emphasise) vt. 强调 regardless a. 无论如何 solution n. 解决,解答 crisis n. 危机
represent vt. 1.表示, 表明 2.作为... ...的代表(或代理)
▲epidemic n. 流行病；传染病的蔓延 threaten v. 扬言；威胁 racial a. 种族的 efficiency n. 效率
inefficiency n. 效率低下，无效
Phrases and Expressions
be infected with 感染(疾病) in place of 代替
suffer from 受... ...之苦,患(某种疾病) pass out 分发; 晕倒 as a result 因此,结果 at risk 有危险,有风险 regardless of 不顾,不管
the solution to ......的解答; 解决(解答) ......的办法
threaten to do sth. 扬言要...... distract ... from 使分心
sign up 报名参加; 签约参加工作(或组织)
editor n. 编辑
futurist n. 未来主义者
publish vt. 1.出版 2.发布；公布
impose vt. 1.把......强加于 2.征（税等），处以（罚款、监禁等） fate n. 命运
volunteer n. 志愿者 v. 甘愿
arithmetic n. 算术 a. 算术的
predict vt. 预测
performance n. 1.表现 2.表演 electrical a. 与电有关的；用电的 analysis n. 分析◆diagnosis n. 诊断
treatment n. 1.治疗 2.处理；对待▲interact vi. 1.相互作用; 相互影响 2.互通信息
interactive a. 1.相互作用；互相影响 2.（人机之间）可互通信息的 alternative a. 可选择的 n. （必须作的）选择
▲toll n. （通过路或桥等的）费用 engine n. 引擎；发动机
connection (英connexion) n. 1.连接 2.关系；联系
household n. 家庭 a. 家庭的
security n. 1.治安保卫 2.安全
worldwide a. & ad. 世界范围（的） site n. 1.网站 2.地点；地方 museum n. 博物馆
facility n. 1.设施 2.便利，容易，方便▲database n. 资料库
globe n. 1.地球 2.球状物；地球仪 grocer n. 食品杂货商 groceries n. 食品杂货 Internet n. 因特网 purchase n. 购买的物品 vt. 购买
widespread a. 1.广泛的 2.展开的 percentage n. 百分率